Enabling formulation based on hydroxypropyl–cyclodextrins (HPCD), micellar preparation and liposomes have

Enabling formulation based on hydroxypropyl–cyclodextrins (HPCD), micellar preparation and liposomes have been designed to deliver the racemic mixture of a lipophilic CB2 agonist, MDA7. of MDA7 in comparison to the liposomes preparation. Through inclusion complexation and possibly formation of aggregates, HPCD can enhance the aqueous solubility of lipophilic drugs thereby improving their bioavailability for i.v. administration. activity of MDA7. Nevertheless, Rabbit Polyclonal to SRPK3 considering the advantages of HPCD, we prepared MDA7 inclusion complexes Albaspidin AA IC50 to enhance its aqueous solubility. MDA7:HPCD inclusion complexes were analyzed to identify a potential enantiodifferenciation of racemic MDA7. For this purpose, MDA7:HPCD inclusion complexes were characterized by phase-solubility diagram, Job’s plots and differential scanning calorimetry. Association mode in answer was determined by NMR spectroscopy and ESI-mass spectrometry. HPCD aggregates were characterized by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS). Even though enantiodifferentiation between the two diastereomeric complexes created by HPCD and racemic MDA7 were detected by NMR studies and modeling of the binding mode, no difference in term of solubility was detected for the two enantiomers. In order to make sure accurate and reproducible exposure, micellar answer and liposomes have Albaspidin AA IC50 been characterized. Finally, MDA7:HPCD inclusion complex, MDA7 containing-liposomes and MDA7 micellar answer were administrated intravenously (i.v.) and compared using a rat model of neuropathic pain, the spinal nerve ligation model. To the best of our knowledge, this constitutes the first characterization of diastereomeric inclusion complexes of a chiral CB2 agonist complexed by HPCD, followed by an comparison with other drug delivery systems. Physique 1 Numbered chemical structures of the two enantiomers of MDA7 and of HPCD. Material and methods MDA7 was synthesized according to the method previously explained.4,5 2-Hydroxypropyl–cyclodextrin (HPCD) with an average degree of molar substitution of 4.4 was purchased from CTD Holdings Inc (Alachua, FL, USA). Ethyl Alcohol, 190 Proof, 95%, ACS/USP was purchased from PHARMCO-AAPER (Shelbyville, KY, USA). Dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) was purchased from Avanti Polar Lipids (Alabaster, AL, USA). Dimethyl sulfoxide was purchased from SIGMA-ALDRICH (St. Louis, MO, USA). Phosphate Buffer Saline (PBS) was purchased from VWR. Deuterium oxide (D2O) and Methanol-d4 (MeOH-d4) were purchased from Cambridge Isotope Laboratories, Inc. (Andover, MA, USA). Acrodisc? Syringe Filters with Nylon Membrane were purchased from PALL Corporation (Port Washington, NY, USA). Other reagents and chemicals were obtained as gift samples, N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP or Pharmasolve?) from ISP, propylene glycol USP and Cremophor? ELP from BASF (Ludwigshafen, Germany), Super processed? Polysorbate 20 from CRODA International Inc. (Edison, NJ, USA). All chemicals were used as received. All experiments were carried out using ultrapure water. Preparation of complexes MDA7 and HPCD were mixed in appropriate ratios and solvents (ultrapure water or D2O or D2O/MeOH-d4 or PBS according to the study) for six days under constant magnetic stirring (200 rpm) at room heat and guarded from light. Preparation of liposomes MDA7 was dissolved in DMSO to afford a solution at 40 mg/mL and mixed to a solution of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) at 50 mg/mL Albaspidin AA IC50 in tert-butanol in a molar ratio of 1 1:10 drug/lipids.6 Polysorbate 20 was added to the preparation in an amount corresponding to 5% w/w of the total amount of MDA7+lipids. 95 mL of tert-butanol was then added for each 5 mL of MDA7/lipids combination previously obtained. The resulting answer was freeze-dried (Labconco-freeze dry system/Freezone? 1) for 48H, providing a white and dried powder made up of drug, lipids and surfactant. Before administration to animals, the dry drug/lipids powder was hydrated with PBS to obtain the desired volume of administration, and stirred at 100 rpm for 20 min at 30C, a heat above the gel-liquid crystal transition Albaspidin AA IC50 heat of DMPC. This process resulted in homogeneous milky-like oligolamellar vesicles (OLVs) liposomal suspensions. Preparation of the micellar system MDA7 (6 mg/mL) was stirred at 40C in NMP (30 %30 % v/v) until dissolution. Propylene glycol (30 %30 % v/v), ethanol (10 %10 % v/v) and Cremophor? ELP (10 %10 % w/v) were added dropwise at 40C. The micellar system was obtained after dropwise addition of PBS or saline answer (qs 100 %v/v). NMR spectroscopy One-dimensional 1H NMR spectra were recorded at room heat on Bruker Avance III? spectrometer at 400 MHz using a 5 mm probe and a simple pulse-acquire sequence. Acquisition parameters consisted.