Background: Many reports have investigated the possible role of reactive oxygen

Background: Many reports have investigated the possible role of reactive oxygen species in the etiology and pathogenesis of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). and plasma concentration of vitamin E Beta-carotene and GR activity were significantly lower than healthy control (values of less than 0.05 were regarded as statistically significant. Results Study was performed in 59 RA patients (The control group consisted of 59 healthy volunteers matched for sex and age and BMI). Pain morning stiffness number of joints with inflammation tenderness PCI-34051 and GPA (Table 1) in patients with active RA is usually shown. The CRP and RF levels were significantly >0.05) lower in RA patients compared to control groups but MDA was significantly higher in patients group (= 0.003) (Table 3). Table 3: Plasma levels of Aryl Esterase activity (AEA) Vitamin E Malondialdehyde (MDA) Glutathione (GR) and Betacarotene PCI-34051 in Rheumatoid Arthritis patients and control subjects (mean±SD) Level of Hb was nonsignificantly lower in RA patient groups than in controls (P= 0.13). ESR was significantly higher in RA patient groups than in handles (P< 0.001). Dialogue The outcomes of the analysis indicate the fact that antioxidant vitamin supplements and enzymes in the plasma of the individual group were less than in the control group. It had been shown in the last research that low intake from the supplement E and supplement A could be seen as a risk aspect for RA (18-22). Heliovaara et al. reported raised dangers of RA at low degrees of α-tocopherol and Beta-carotene (3). Helmy et al. reported that high dosage supplement E treatment reduced disease activity in sufferers with RA (18). Cerhan et al. hypothesized that intake of Supplement E and Beta-carotene was inversely from the threat of developing RA in older people (23). In Kamanli et .al research low degree of vitamin E vitamin A Beta-carotene GSH-Px GSH catalase and upsurge in MDA CRP ASO have already been shown in RA sufferers. In our research GR supplement E Beta-caroten was lower and MDA was higher in the individual group than in handles (10). Cimen et al Similarly. reported that sufferers with RA got higher MDA and GR amounts and a lesser activity (24). Unlike to your data Bazzichi et al. reported that sufferers with RA got higher GR levels activity than in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) (25). Their results confirmed a high activity of collagenase and elastase in the SF of patients with RA which is about 30 times higher Tpo than that found in the SF of patients with OA. These data underline the synergic action of these enzymes in the pathogenesis of joint damage. RA patients also exhibit higher levels of GR which is usually important for the detoxification pathway of oxygen free radicals. However compared with findings for collagenase and elastase the increase in GR is only three times higher than level found in the SF of OA patients. A small limited increase in glutathione reductase activity during the inflammatory process might lead to an insufficient protective effect at the joint level in RA but Hassan et al. have shown that RA was associated with significant depletion (50%) in GSH levels compared with normal control subjects. Serum levels of the detoxifying enzymes GR like of our data decreased (32.4% reduction) (26) Kerimova et al. examined the activities of antioxidant enzymes GSH-Px GR and catalase in the blood of RA patients and healthy controls. Similar to our data activity of PCI-34051 catalase was decreased significantly while activities of GSH-Px and GR remained unchanged (27). Mulherin et al. analyzed on 91 patients with RA and 220 healthy controls. Similar to our study basal GR activity in the red blood cells and polymorphonuclear leucocytes of patients with RA was low (28). Braven et al. found PCI-34051 a 30% increase in erythrocyte GSH-Px activity was found in patients with RA compared with healthy controls whereas the increase in GR was statistically insignificant (29). Ozkan et al. analyzed in 22 patients with active RA and 18 age- and gender-matched control subjects. While serum MDA levels were significantly increased in patients with RA compared with the control group (P< 0.03) the total oxidative status levels were decreased in patients with RA compared with the control group.